Vitiligo or 'white spot' is not a medical disorder, yet has been frustrating to 1-3% of the population. It is characterized by areas of hypo or de-pigmentation on the skin surface due to destruction or loss of melanocytes. These are areas where the normal pigmentation of skin is missing or deficient. These spots can be many or few; they may be tiny or cover the body. While it is not a serious or life-threatening disorder, it has an impact on the social and psychological well-being of its victims. It can be localized or generalized, stable or spreading, childhood onset or adult onset.
Vitiligo is a common condition in which the skin loses the pigment that determines its color. Also commonly known as Leucoderma (leuco = white and derma = skin), this condition is characterized by irregular pale or milky white patches on the skin.
Vitiligo is one of those conditions that have more of a social significance than medical. Although it affects people of all races, the symptoms are often more prominently seen in people with a darker complexion. This condition has been the cause of stress for millions of affected people worldwide as well as their near and dear ones.
Treatment options include phototherapies (UVA and UVB), 308nm excimer light and laser, immuno therapies and surgery.